By: SOL Recovery Center 05 May 2016

Heroin, part of the opioid family, is taken from the opium poppy. This Scheduled 1 drug is a banned substance, due to its extreme addictiveness, according to the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency. Moreover, secondary to overdoses, this intravenous drug leads to death due to the increase usage among users.

Between the years 2002 and 2013 in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stated that Heroine use has increased among particular segments of the population, specifically, ladies, high-income earners, and those privately insured, by a staggering 286 percent. Surprisingly, these demographics had not historically used opioid.

Additionally, between 2002 and 2013, heroine-related overdose deaths rates nearly quadrupled. In fact, in 2013, over 8,200 people died from Heroin overdose.

Better cooperation and less side effects

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), in 20015, legalized Vivitrol to be used as a remedy to treat alcoholism, and in 2010, the FDA extended this approval to allow Vivitrol to be used for the treatment of opioid addiction. This injectable form of naltrexone, administered only once per month, is deemed to be safer and effective than the oral option. Most patients will attest to the fact that taking a pill on a daily basis is hard to remember, thus it’s not startling that the rate of conformity is a great deal higher, once long-acting unit doses are administered.

Naltrexone, as an injectable, overall, is administered in a much lower dose, than the oral option. As a result, it causes less side effects making it safer for the body. Compared to the oral doses of daily naltrexone, which is 1,500 mg, Vivitrol has a total dosage of 380 milligrams, over a four-week timeframe.

The oral dose of Naltrexone is primarily absorbed or digested by the liver. This is referred to as first pass metabolism, whereby the concentration of a drug is greatly reduced before it reaches the systemic circulation. Compared to the oral type of Vivitrol, the injectable form is less likely to lead to liver toxicity, since the injectable type of Vivitrol does not go through first pass metabolism.

Painful withdrawal from opioids

Withdrawal from Heroin or any other form of opioid will result in tremendous pain. The side effects, of the withdrawal, includes extreme gastrointestinal upset like nausea, looseness of the bowels, restlessness, stomach cramps, irritability and severe aches and pains. Opioid withdrawal is said to be the most painful withdrawal. Because of the extreme pain suffered during withdrawal, it is very arduous to stop using Opioid. In light of this, pharmacological therapies are continually discharged to assist in preventing a setback in the progress of the patient.

Administered on a monthly basis, Vivitrol in its injectable form Naltrexone, is the recommended option. Naltrexone is an established opioid fighter prescribed for the treatment of opioid dependence. Introduced first in clinical trials for opioid addiction treatment in 1973, Naltrexone, is employed, specifically, to stop opioid dependence, following withdrawal and treatments. It’s very vital that the body is totally freed from opioids once naltrexone is dispense due to the fact that extreme withdrawal symptoms will occur as this medication work to eliminate all opioids from the body.

Cost and additional requirements

Monthly Vivitrol injections cost between $800 and $1200 per month. This is very costly, given that the total duration of the treatment can range from 3 to 15 months, depending on the treatment center as well as the progress of the patient.

Before this injection can be taken, the patient must be opioid free for at least 7 days, and they must also show no current signs of withdrawal.

Relief from opioid addiction

Vivitrol in its injectable form Naltrexone, has been administered in prisons to inmates who are dependent on heroine, and it has been proven to assist them in living relapse-free.

There are many alternative ways of treatment, just like any other disease or ailment, and every particular treatment options works differently from person to person. Vivitrol is simply another alternative to living relapse-free from opioid.

The co-occurring conditions is a leading co-occurring conditions supplier with locations across the U.S. They facilitate treatment to individuals with co-occurring conditions, addiction and mental health disorders.

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