What are Bath Salts?
“Bath salts” is a commercial name for designer chemical stimulants. These stimulants are in a class of drugs known as synthetic “cathinones.” Cathinones naturally occur in a plant called “khat.”
The active ingredients in bath salts vary, but include 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (“MDPV”), mephedrone, and methylone.
Bath salts were originally marketed as incense or a powder to be added to the bath. Before 2011, the product was sold and labeled, “Not For Human Consumption,” but it was common knowledge that they contained stimulants. Many people bought and ingested bath salts by snorting, swallowing, or sometimes injecting.
In 2011, bath salts were labeled a Class I Controlled Dangerous Substance (high potential for abuse, no accepted use for treatment).
What is Bath Salts Addiction?
People abusing bath salts are typically looking for the same kind of ‘high’ they would achieve from ecstasy (MDMA), cocaine, and amphetamines. bath salts are popular club/rave drugs. Because of the way they affect the brain, use can lead to dependence and addiction.
Like other stimulants, bath salts have side effects including agitation, high blood pressure, paranoia, hallucinations, and chest pains.
The manufacture of bath salts is not regulated. Like any other street drug, there is no guarantee what is included in each package.
How Do Bath Salts Affect The Brain?
Like other stimulants, bath salts increase the levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain. Increased dopamine causes feelings of intense pleasure and euphoria.
Continued abuse of stimulants like bath salts will cause the body to build a tolerance to increased levels of dopamine, while at the same time reducing the body’s natural ability to produce dopamine. The body then craves increasing levels of bath salts to keep dopamine levels high and to maintain the sense of euphoria. Users are often left with feelings of withdrawal and depression when dopamine levels drop.
If you or someone you love has been using bath salts and needs help, call us today, don’t wait. You can reach us, 24 hours a day, at 866-239-1700. Or you can contact us here.